2015 | Ghana
Factors contributing to spatial inequality in academic achievement in Ghana: Analysis of district-level factors using geographically weighted regression
Like most Sub-Saharan African countries, Ghana’s basic educational system continues to undergo reform, receiving substantial investment to ensure all citizens have access to quality educational opportunities regardless of where they live. Although the reforms have markedly improved access to education at the junior high school level, the overall level of academic achievement among Ghana’s population remains low, especially in deprived areas of the country. The low rate of achievement warrants examination because the lack of education hampers social mobility and constrains the ability of pupils from deprived communities to progress up the academic ladder. This study uses spatial modeling tools and district-level data to examine spatial variability in rates of academic achievement among districts in Ghana, and to investigate the differential effects of macro-level factors on academic achievement. Analysis reveals two key findings: (a) the existing pattern of spatial inequality primarily favors academic achievement of students in the Middle and Southern Belt regions of Ghana; and (b) factors contributing to academic achievement vary spatially, with the significance level, magnitude, and direction of relationship varying from one district to another. The study demonstrates the quintessence of an approach to educational development that emphasizes decentralization, thereby allowing educational investments and interventions to be tailored to local needs.
Ansong, D., Ansong, E., Ampomah, A., & Adjabeng, B. (2015). Factors contributing to spatial inequality in academic achievement in ghana: Analysis of district-level factors using geographically weighted regression. Applied Geography, 62, 136-146. doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2015.04.017