2014 | Ghana
HIV risk among young Ghanaians in high school: Validation of a multidimensional attitude toward condom use scale
Condom use remains low among sexually active youth in sub-Saharan Africa. Theoretical and empirical evidence suggests that attitudes towards condom use are important predictors of actual condom use. However, few attempts have been made to systematically develop a valid scale that measures attitudes towards condom use among youth, particularly high school students in sub-Saharan Africa. Using the health belief model, we developed an instrument that measures such attitudes. We analysed survey data collected from 6252 Ghanaian junior high school students. We assessed construct validity using confirmatory factor analysis. Results indicate that attitudes towards condom use among young Ghanaians are best represented by a multidimensional construct. Young Ghanaians differentiate constructs related to perception of benefits and barriers to condom use, as well as perception of severity and susceptibility to HIV. This instrument offers a valid tool for assessing high school students’ attitudes towards condom use and their HIV risk.
Masa, R., & Chowa, G. (2014). HIV risk among young Ghanaians in high school: Validation of a multidimensional attitude toward condom use scale. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 19(4), 444-457. doi:10.1080/02673843.2014.963629